Being a woman is never easy. Considering, the ever-changing bodily hormones that fluctuate in a woman’s body-Menopause. In the United States alone, the number of females as of July 2017 is 165.3 million which should be affected by the female natural condition, at least once in their lifetime.
Also, as mostly neglected by men, it is to know and understand the condition what the women are experiencing and undergoing through, especially during that menopausal period in all aspects of their bodily condition. Significantly, by knowing these bodily changes and how they would affect you would help to embrace reality, rather than suffer from the condition, menopause.
What is Menopause?
Menopause, or its medical term as the climacteric, is a natural and normal part of aging in most women’s lives when the menstruation process stops permanently, and they are no longer able to reproduce children.
When does Menopause Happen?
Generally, menopause can happen in the age of 40s or 50s, but the average age is 51 in the United States. Medical experts often describe menopause occurs when a woman has not had any vaginal bleeding for 365 days. It is defined as the decrease of hormonal levels in production by the ovaries.
In some cases, menopause occurs early and happens before the age of 40 which is called premature menopause. While between the age of 40 and 45 is called early menopause, and about 5 percent of women experience it. Several factors can cause menopause to come earlier than expected such as chromosome defects like Turner syndrome, autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, smoking, genetics, and epilepsy, as well as surgery.
The first sign of the menopause is usually a change in the normal pattern of your periods.
You may start having either unusually light or heavy periods.
The frequency of your periods may also be affected. You may have them every 2 or 3 weeks, or you may not have them for months at a time. Eventually, you’ll stop having periods altogether.
Common Menopausal Symptoms
About 8 in every 10 women will have additional symptoms for some time before and after their periods stop.
These can have a significant impact on daily life for some women.
Common Symptoms Include:
Increased Risk for developing certain medical conditions.
What are the Treatments for Menopause?
Menopause requires no medical treatment, otherwise, focus treatment on relieving the symptoms. Hot flashes treatment can be done by avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and smoking, or practical sleeping using a fan or in a cool room may help.
Some medications may help such as Gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise, others), Clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay, others), menopausal hormone therapy(MHT), bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT), and medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
HRT replaces the hormones that are missing. Most symptoms are caused by low oestrogen levels, so this is the most important hormone to replace. If you have a womb you also need a progestogen to protect the lining of the womb.
HRT is extremely effective at relieving menopausal symptoms.
HRT is available as tablets, skin patches, a gel to rub into the skin or implants.
Benefits and Risks of hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
The main benefit of HRT is that it can help relieve most menopausal symptoms, including hot flushes, brain fog, joint pains, mood swings and vaginal dryness.
It can also help prevent thinning of the bones, which can lead to fractures (osteoporosis). Osteoporosis is more common after the menopause.
Some types of HRT can slightly increase the risk of breast cancer and blood clots in some women. You need to discuss whether you have any risk factors with a doctor or nurse.
Evidence says that the risks of HRT are small and usually outweighed by the benefits.
Your doctor can give you more information about the risks and benefits of HRT to help you decide whether or not you want to take it.
Some women experience mood swings, low mood and anxiety around the time of the menopause.
Self-help measures such as getting plenty of rest, taking regular exercise and doing relaxing activities such as yoga and tai chi may help. Medicine and other treatments are also available, including HRT and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
CBT is a type of talking therapy that can improve low mood and feelings of anxiety. Your GP may be able to refer you for CBT on the NHS, or recommend self-help options such as online CBT courses.
Antidepressants may help if you’ve been diagnosed with depression.
Vaginal Dryness and Discomfort
If your vagina becomes dry, painful or itchy as a result of the menopause, your doctor can prescribe oestrogen treatment that’s put directly into your vagina as a pessary, cream or vaginal ring.
This can safely be used alongside HRT.
You’ll usually need to use vaginal oestrogen indefinitely, as your symptoms are likely to return when treatment stops. However, side effects are very rare.
You can also use over-the-counter vaginal moisturisers or lubricants in addition to, or instead of, vaginal oestrogen.
Women who have been through the menopause are at an increased risk of developing weak bones that may break more easily (osteoporosis) as a result of the lower level of oestrogen in the body.
You can reduce your chances of developing osteoporosis by:
If you’re having treatment for your menopausal symptoms, you’ll need to return to your doctor for a follow-up review after 3 months, and once a year after that.
During your reviews, your GP may:
Many women will need treatment for a few years, until most of their menopausal symptoms have passed.
Some women may wish to take HRT for many years. Their individual benefits and risk should be assessed every year.
Fort Myers, Florida's The Most Trusted Compounding Pharmacy
Myerlee Pharmacy is not your ordinary pharmacy company, has been serving physicians and customers since 1991, and had established ourselves in Lee County as a well-respected leader in the pharmaceutical compounding industry. The only pharmacy in Lee County with a sterile license from the State Board of Pharmacy, discusses this informative article about menopause awareness that affects the modern women and (men) of America.
Our bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT), compounded from hormones that are identical to what your body produces. BHRT requires unique combinations to work just for you. Myerlee Pharmacy can customize any BHRT formula in several dosage forms depending on the symptom, severity, or your preference. These include vaginal, transdermal, sublingual, & oral capsules. Discuss with your doctor which method is best for you.